The boxed software described here is intended to create Noologistic Control Systems (NCS) for the multidimensional branch facilities in all branches by the Noologistic Control Technology (NCT). The possibility of its creation is based on the obvious fact that any multidimensional branch facility consists of multiple working together one-dimensional facilities united by one goal. This possibility is also based on the identity of the management tasks being solved, on the same requirements for the quality of management, on the same hierarchical structure of information flows, on fundamental and applied branch sciences, which accurately describe the real performance characteristics of all one-dimensional branch facilities that together constitute any multidimensional branch facility.
A one-dimensional branch control facility here is a device used in any industry and having one regulator. This may be, for example, an electric heater with a temperature controller or an electric motor with a speed controller.
A multidimensional branch controlled facility here refers to a device used in any industry and consisting of many one-dimensional branch facilities that are interconnected by a single technological process. This may be a power unit of a power plant, a compressor station, a district heating grid, an enterprise in the chemical industry, etc.
The idea of creating universal boxed software came about as a result of our many years of R&D to create NCS in various branches. We abandoned the mathematical apparatus and algorithms of the Automatic Control Theory (ACT) when creating the NCS and used our own mathematical apparatus and algorithms because they are many times smaller in volume, simpler and cheaper to implement, more accurate and more understandable for the specialists of relevant branch. For example, unlike ACT, NCT does not use mathematical series in the formation of transfer functions of automatic controllers, and does not use statistical information for real-time control. We use the real performance characteristics of the corresponding equipment described in the applied sciences of the respective branches for this.
Currently, we have decided to create the NCS boxed software and we are choosing for this a real facility that will be an experimental training ground, and, accordingly, the partners for the implementation of this project.
The NCS boxed software will consist of two universal programs and instructions for their use, including:
· BR program for the formation of the transfer function of the regulator of a one-dimensional branch facility;
· BIP program, which is an element for the formation of NCS software of any multidimensional branch facility.
The BR program creates a transfer function for the automatic controller of the corresponding one-dimensional branch control facility. The current real area of the possible modes of operation of branch facility is the basis of its transfer function. The format of the transfer function provides the integration of the mentioned area of possible operating modes into the information pyramid to calculate the area of possible operating modes of the entire multidimensional facility. The transfer function also provides for the movement of the executive body of this regulator in real time at a speed corresponding to the stable and safe observance of the given control law of the entire multidimensional facility in real time, including:
· a predetermined delivery schedule the production for each consumer at the lowest possible total cost in the entire multidimensional facility;
· a predetermined delivery schedule the production for each consumer with the minimum possible total environmental impact of the entire multidimensional facility;
· the maximum possible supply of products to all consumers or any part thereof;
· any compromise between the maximum possible operating modes listed above;
· eliminates the possibility of self-oscillations in the NCS.
The BIP program generates the NCS software, which calculates, according to the technology of information pyramids in real time, the values of the movement speeds of the executive bodies of all regulators of one-dimensional branch facilities and transmits the corresponding signals into the regulators. BIP copies are used as "bricks" to form NCS software in accordance with the technological scheme of any multidimensional branch facility.
Instructions for using BR and BIP contain a detailed description of the mathematical apparatus with the derivation of mathematical dependencies and an algorithm for their application in solving each type of control task. This guarantees the meaningful work of the staff and its quality.
The creation of any NCS begins with the formation of the transfer functions of all the regulators of one-dimensional branch facilities, which work together as parts of a multidimensional branch facility. The real performance characteristics of each one-dimensional branch facility from its operational documentation and the BR program mentioned above are used for this. The process of their formation is described in detail in the instructions for the BR program. The obtained transfer functions provide for the parallel inclusion of one-dimensional branch facilities in the group, and sequential one.
NCS software for groups of jointly operating one-dimensional branch facilities is formed by means of BIP after forming the transfer functions, starting from the lowest control level. The process of their formation is described in detail in the instructions for the BIP program.
The result of the formation of NCS software for a group of sequentially connected one-dimensional branch facilities, for example, for a part of the Power Microgrid, is shown in Fig. 1.
The result of the formation of the NCS software for a group of parallel connected one-dimensional branch facilities, for example, for a part of the Power Microgrid, is shown in Fig. 2.
The NCS programs of the lowest level of control obtained above are used to form NCS programs of the following control levels up to the highest level of control of a multidimensional branch facility. The examples of the formation of the NCS programs for Power Microgrid and branch Power Grid are showed below.
A part of the branch Power Grid controlled by one of the energy consumers is adopted here as a Power Microgrid. This may be the power grid at home of one person or one family, the power grid of one plant, etc.
The energy grid of one country, which is under the control of the relevant state Regulator, is adopted here as a branch Power Grid. It may be the power grid of the USA, China, Russia, etc.
An example of generating NCS software for Power Microgrid that contains 3 control levels using the BIP program is shown in Fig. 3.
Obviously, the above-described method of generating NCS software can be used for a multidimensional branch facility with any number of one-dimensional facilities, any technological scheme, and any number of control levels. The simplicity and uniformity of the BIP mathematical apparatus and the algorithm for its application allows the use of same programmed chips for their implementation.
The structure software of PowerMicrogrid’s NCS may be represented by the circuit shown in Fig. 4 if to depict the entire set of programs and information flows shown in Fig. 3 as a single blue triangle.
The circuit shown in Fig. 4, in addition to the software of Power Microgrid’s NCS, contains images of the software of the Regulator, the Branch Grid and the information flows connecting them. These additional images indicate that the Power Microgrid:
· has physically and informational connection to the entire branch Power Grid;
· exchanges information and energy flows to the entire branch Power Grid within the limits of its current technical capabilities and consumer needs;
· has information connection to the Regulator;
· operates within the limits of its current technical capabilities and consumer needs according to the rules established by the Regulator.
The NCS software for the all branch Power Grid is generated using the BIP program in the same way as above was shown in Fig. 3 when formatted NCS program for the Power Microgrid’s. The structure of the NCS software for the all branch Power Grid is shown in Fig. 5. It takes into account the presence in Power Grid of many generators, consumers, energy storage, Power Microgrids and information connection to the Regulator.
Obviously, the physical, informational and technological connection of any Power Microgrid to the all branch Power Grid turns them into one control facility from the point of view of the NCT. The subsequent division of this single facility into parts without breaking the physical, informational and technological connection between them is informational and is determined by the rules of the Regulator and economic relations between the participants.
For example, the rules of the Regulator may be aimed at attracting private capital to the development of renewable energy by creating privileges for it. To do this, he outlines the relevant Power Microgrids. However, as soon as renewable energy will begin to prevail, the Regulator can change its rules to compensate for the decrease in revenues from a decrease in the share of traditional carbon-based energy generation. The Regulator and owners may also informational to divide the branch Power Grid into parts under other names on other grounds or combine it into one whole to another branch Power Grid.
Any division of the branch Power Grid into parts reduces its technical capabilities if it is accompanied by a change in the rules for managing it. The reason for this is the limitation of its ability to redistribute the load on all its elements due to belonging to a certain part of it. Therefore, the structure of the NCS of branch Power Grid, which is shown in Fig. 6, from the point of view of NCT, is more effective than that presented in Fig. 5 with the same one-dimensional facilities and their equal connection to each other.
The planned development time for the boxed software described above is 18 months.
Vladimir V. Matveev
Director of SPE “EL” Ltd,
mob. tel.: +79114524562 (Viber, WatsApp),
Valery V. Matveev
Vice Director for R&D of SPE “EL” Ltd,
mob. tel.: +48519792559 (WatsApp),